Thursday, October 3, 2013
Jan 1st, 1900
We had a big time today. Everybody on the river was up also, all the natives on the river. We had a big feed consisting of ptarmigan, venison, corn, cake, pie, Alaska blueberries, potatoes. We had about 35 at the table. In the evening we had a dance. Also a native dance.
The day was put in at leisure. Thermometer 22 below. Some of the boys were up. Two Seluvik natives arrived here today. They killed one deer last night near camp.
The day was cold but clear. There is nothing new. The Hayne party was over and we had a game of cards.
The weather still fair but cold. We traded for one dog today. Adolf was up today.
Our native started this morning for the Kuguruk R. to trade for some dogs. The weather colder.
The day was clear but cold. Manuel Enos came over from the Kayuk and is staying with us.
Jan 7th Sunday
The weather still cold. We all went down to the Hayne party’s cabin to spend the evening. A report came in that 2 white men arrived here from the Kubuch but proved to be false after going down the river about 5 miles.
Chris, Jesse, Frank Bray, M. Enos, and Adolf Abrams started this morning with a steam thawer for the mountains on a prospect trip. The weather cold and windy. Bob Barclay (sp.) started this morning with a native and 5 dogs for Cape Nome.
I am staying alone at the cabin so I took it easy. E. Jacquich (sp.) was up today. Weather cold and some wind.
Got news this morning that a native woman died last night so we all went down to make arrangements to bury as the natives wanted the white men to bury her. The weather a little warmer.
Our native got back today and brought another native with 5 dogs and I made arrangements with him to take us to Nome. The wind is blowing hard and very cold. The native woman that died was buryed today by the white men. The two natives went hunting and killed 21 ptarmigan.
The house was full of natives today making showshoes. There are two natives here from the Buckland.
Chris, Jesse, Enos, Bray and Abrams got back from their prospect trip today but did not find anything. The weather is very cold.
Jan 14th Sunday
The weather clear and cold. We traded for one dog today.
We traded for 2 more dogs this morning and the natives left for the Kuguruk and Buckland. Enos, myself and our native started with a 6 dog team for the Kayuk (sp) for a load of dog feed and made camp tonight at the forks of the Kuwalik (sp). Weather cold.
We started this morning at 7:15 and reached the fishing camp on the Kayuk (sp) at 1:15 p.m. The weather getting colder.
The native and I went up the Kayuk (sp) about 10 miles and hauled a load of fish to the trail. Went back to the camp and made ready for an early start back in the morning. The thermometer 53 below zero.
We started this morning at 7 o’clock and made camp on the Kuwalik (sp) tonight at 3:30. The weather very cold. Got several places on my face froze and also my fingers.
We started this morning at 7:15 and reached home at 10:30 a.m. The weather still very cold. The thermometer 50 below. I froze my nose bad enough to take all the skin off it. We all went down to the Hayne camp to spend the evening. Frank Bray started for Nome today.
The weather still cold. 56 below zero.
Jan 21st Sunday
Our native went hunting today and killed 28 ptarmigan. Jesse and I went down to Morriarty’s (sp) cabin.
I went hunting today and got 20 ptarmigan. Enos came over from the Kayuk (sp) today. The weather getting a little warmer.
We put in the day getting some things ready for our Cape Nome trip. Enos started back for the Kayuk (sp) today. The weather colder. 42 below.
The native and I went down the river about 15 miles with a 7 dog team for some seal oil. We made the round trip in 6 hours. The weather still cold.
The thermometer was 57 below zero this morning. I went hunting today. We all went down to the Haynes cabin to spend the evening.
The weather getting warmer. The native went hunting and got 2 ptarmigan.
The weather warm. Thermometer zero and snowing. The native went hunting and got 6 ptarmigan. Oxel Schibsby got back from the Mission and got 8 dogs. The Haynes party was over this evening.
Jan 28th Sunday
We got things ready to start for Nome. Went down to the Haynes cabin tonight. Wind blowing and snowing.
We started for Cape Nome this morning at 10 o’clock and made camp at the forks of the Kuwalik (sp) at 2 o’clock this afternoon. The weather windy and snowing but warm.
We started this morning at 7:15 and made camp this afternoon just over the divide at 3:15 on the Kayuk (sp) side. A heavy wind blowing today and snowing some. Weather warm.
We started this morning at 8:45 and made camp at Enos’s on the Kayuk (sp) at 1:30 p.m. The weather warm.
We layed over today to feed up the dogs. The weather clear and cold.
We started this morning at 7:15 and made camp tonight at 1 o’clock at the foot of the divide. Weather warm.
We started this morning at 7:45. Crossed both divides and made camp on the Fish River side at 3:45. The weather cold and a heavy wind blowing tonight.
We started this morning at 7:45 and made camp tonight at 2:45. The weather cloudy and blowing some snow.
We started this morning at 7:15 and made camp at the Indian village on Fish River at 4 o’clock. The weather snowing and wind blowing. We met two dog teams and 6 white men going up Fish R. to prospect.
We started this morning at 7:45 and made camp tonight at 4 o’clock on the headwaters of Fox River. The wind blowing and snowing hard. Killed 9 ptarmigan today.
We started this morning at 8 o’clock and made camp at 3 o’clock on the coast. The weather cloudy and wind blowing. We got 12 ptarmigan.
We started this morning at 8:15 and stopped at a native house at 11 o’clock and put in the rest of the day catching fish for the dogs. The native went hunting and got 8 ptarmigan. Weather warm.
We layed over today to catch fish for our dogs. The wind blowing hard today.
We started this morning at 7 o’clock and reached Sinclair’s cabin at Port Safety at 1 o’clock p.m. We met McCewn (sp) of Watsonville on the trail and seen Frank Lewis also of Watsonville at Port Safety.
Feb 11th Sunday
We layed over today at Sinclair’s and staked out one town lot. The weather cloudy.
We started this morning at 7:45 and reached Nome city at 2:30 this afternoon and put up at Eubank’s cabin. There was quite a few of our Kotzebue friends over to see us.
We moved over to Wordell’s cabin today and put in the rest of the day taking in the town and calling on our friends.
Jesse and I went up the beach about 6 miles to see W. Ridgeway and Chas. Brills while Chris put up some bunks in the cabin. Our native sold $25 worth of ptarmigan. Chris, Jesse and I went over to Soyard (sp) and McCann’s cabin to spend the evening.
We put in the day buying our provisions and getting ready for housekeeping. We sold two of our dogs today to Wordell for $50. The weather getting colder. There was an election in town today for city treasurer.
Jesse, Wordell and I went out to Snow Gulch today to see if we could get work but there is not much doing. The weather warm and clear.
There was a heavy wind blowing today so we stayed indoors all day.
The native and I went out hunting today and got 15 ptarmigan which we sold for $14. Chris went up the beach about 7 miles to see some friends.
The wind was blowing hard again today and very cold.
The native and I went out hunting again today and got 8 ptarmigan. We sold 5 for five dollars. The day was fine until tonight when the wind started to blow again.
The day was fine but a heavy wind blowing tonight. The native went hunting and got 4 ptarmigan.
The weather was cold and windy today. There was a baseballgame today between the A.C. and the soldiers for $500 aside but only played 5 innings when it got too cold and had to postpone the game until Sunday. The native went hunting and got 4 ptarmigan.
The day was cold and windy. Chris and I went fishing but did not catch any.
The weather was fine and warm. There was a fire in town but did no damage.
Feb 25th Sunday
Chris, Frank Bray and three others started up the coast on a prospect trip. The baseball game was finished today between the soldiers and A.C.’s. The A.C.’s won. Score 11 to 7. The weather was quite warm.
The weather fine and warm.
The weather still clear and warm. We are getting things ready for a trip to Counsel City.
Chas. Cahill, Ike Duryea (sp) and myself started this morning with a six dog team for the Golden Gate district. Are camping tonight up Nome River about 30 miles. The weather warm.
We started this morning at 9:00 and made camp at 3:00 p.m. near the head of Nome River. Killed 4 ptarmigan. The weather still holds good.
We started this morning at 8:30. Crossed the divide and made camp on Nugget Creek at 3:20 this afternoon. We met several dog teams going to Nome. Weather warm.
We started this morning at 9 o’clock and reached the Recorder’s office of Golden Gate dist. at 1:30. We are camped tonight on Pilgrim River about 4 miles below Minerva Lake. Weather warm.
We started this morning and went as far as Willow Creek where we made camp for the day. Chas. Cahill and myself went up Willow creek to stake some claims but the creek was all staked. We got 3 ptarmigan today. Weather fine.
We started this morning at 9 o’clock and made camp tonight about 5 miles up Iron Creek. We killed 6 ptarmigan today. Weather fine.
We layed over today and Chas. Cahill and myself staked 3 claims on what we named Pajaro Creek and three claims on Canyon Creek. The weather still fine.
We loaded up this morning and went as far as Discovery Creek. Ike Duryea and I went up the creek and staked two claims.
We started this morning at 8:15 and crossed the divide and made camp on the left fork of the Cassadefruga tonight at 5 o’clock. Wood is scarce with hardly enough willows to cook supper. The wind blowing tonight.
We started this morning at 10:30 and made camp at 1:30 at the mouth of Goose Creek. The willows are poor. We were 4 ½ hours cooking supper and are still cooking dog-feed while I write at 9:30. Weather cold.
We layed over today to thaw out our beds. The weather very cold.
We got up early this morning and started up Goose Creek for the headwaters of the Neukluk (sp) but a blizzard came on and had to turn back and made camp. We got 8 ptarmigan today.
We started this morning at 8:30 down the Cassadefruga and are camping tonight about 6 miles up the Big Four. The weather still cold. Killed 3 ptarmigan today.
Ike Duryea and myself went up the Big 4 Creek and staked 4 claims on Ivanhoe Creek. The wind blowing hard and snowing tonight.
There is a blizzard on today so we stayed in camp.
Chas. Cahill and myself went up the creek and staked 4 claims on Quartz Creek and 3 claims on Surprise Creek. The weather warmer tonight and snowing.
We loaded up our sled and pulled up Birch Creek about 1 mile and made camp. Ike Duryea and I went up the creek and staked 5 claims on Watson Creek. The snow getting deep and still snowing tonight.
We loaded up this morning and started for Golovin city and are camping tonight on the Cassadefruga about 2 miles from the mouth. Snowing some today.
We started this morning at 7:15 and reached Golovin City at 4 this afternoon and are stopping at McKillop (sp) Clough and n (sp) Tory (sp) cabin. The weather fine.
We layed over today.
Ike Duryea and I staked out a town lot and hauled some logs to put on the lot. The wind blowing cold.
Chas. Cahill staked a town lot and I helped him put the logs on. The wind blowing heavy and cold.
We started this morning for Nome and made camp tonight at the Independence mining camp. The wind blowing hard.
We started this morning and reached the coast at noon. Went up to the Appetulik (sp) and made camp and caught a lot of tom cod. The wind blowing so hard we had to break camp and move to a native house.
We layed over today on account of wind. All the ice went out and several Yukoners had a narrow escape.
The wind still blowing hard so we layed over.
We started this morning at 8:15 and reached Port Safety at 1:55 and stopped at McLan’s (sp).
We started this morning at 9:00 and reached Nome City at 2:30. The weather cold but no wind blowing.
the weather is cold. Chris is working for the city.
The weather cloudy but cold. Went fishing today.
It is snowing today and the weather warmer. A dead man was brought in town today from down the coast. He was found with a bullet hole in his head.
Chas. Cahill and Dave Clough started for Golovin City this morning. The weather fine.
Apr 1st Sunday
Jesse Ray (sp) came back from Safety today. The wind blowing hard and cold. There was two sacks of mail from the outside came in.
Chris, Jesse and I put in the day digging boats out of the ice. The weather fine.
Wordell got back from a trip to Cripple River.
The weather getting cold and windy. Went up the beach today. Quite a few mining on the beach but many have any pay dirt.
The weather as cold as it has been any time at Nome this winter.
Went out hunting today but did not get anything. Weather cold.
Our native packed up and left us this morning. Chris and I spent the evening at Mr. and Mrs. Brown’s.
Apr 8th Sunday
There is a blizzard on today. A heavy wind and snowing.
It is still snowing and blowing hard.
I went up the beach today and stayed with W. Ridgeway. Was quite a crowd and had music and singing. It is raining all day.
The weather warm and clear. Chris and I went and spent the evening at Mr. and Mrs. Brown’s. We had rye bread, Swiss cheese and beer.
Jesse Ray got back from Port Safety today and brought down the news that Joe Avila died last Dec. Chris and I were digging a tent out of the snow. The weather very warm and the snow melting fast.
Jesse Ray went down to Port Safety again today. The weather very warm.
The weather still warm and the snow thawing fast. Jesse returned from Safety today.
Apr 15th, 16th, 17th
The weather warm and some snow. We took a lory on Ruby Creek and are getting ready to move over.
There was a big crowd along the beach staking beach claims as the A.C. Co. reported that a claim of 25 X 140 could be staked by anybody but it is thought it was a report to win in the election. There was one man shot on account of staking over another man’s lot.
The man that was shot yesterday died this morning. We bought part of our outfit today that we are going to take over to our claim.
The day was clear and warm. There was a prize fight in town tonight but was not much force.
Apr 21st, 22nd Sunday
We got things ready for an early start tomorrow for the Cassadefruga. Snowing a little today.
We started this morning at 7 o’clock and reached Port Safety at 3 this afternoon. Still snowing.
We started this morning at 7 and reached Solomon River today at noon. The wind blowing and snowing.
We layed over today as the wind was blowing hard and snowing.
Apr 26th, 27th
We layed over both days for better weather.
We started this morning at 6 o’clock up Solomon River and reached the head of Shovel Creek this afternoon at 3 o’clock and made camp.
Apr 29th Sunday
We took part of our load to the top of the divide. Snowing today.
We layed over today and Jesse and I went up Shovel and staked two claims.
We had to lay over today as there is a heavy wind blowing.
We started this morning at 6 o’clock and reach Ruby Creek this afternoon at 3 o’clock. The day very warm and the snow soft.
We went up Ruby Creek for a load of wood. The day warm.
May 4th, 5th, 6th Sunday
We put in these days getting willows and getting our freight from the divide.
Chris, Jesse Ray, Frank Brazil (sp) and P. Marlin started for Golovin City today.
Frank Louis and I went down to Cassadefruga about 7 miles for a load of wood. The weather still cold and windy.
May 9th, 10th
We put in the time hauling wood. The weather cold and windy.
We hauled up two loads today. Chris and the boys got back from Golovin City today. The day warm and raining tonight.
Frank Brazil, Jesse Ray and E. Marlin started for Nome today. The weather warm and the snow thawing fast.
The day was warm and the water started to run in the creek tonight.
The creeks are running full of water today and the weather warm.
The weather still warm. We can do nothing as the snow is too soft to travel.
May 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th
Weather fine. The snow leaving fast.
May 20th Sunday
The weather is still warm.
May 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th
The weather is turned cold again. A heavy North wind blowing and the creeks are almost froze over again. There was two parties out from town this week but nothing new. A mad dog came into camp the other night and made it lively for us until we got a chance to kill it. We have a hard time to keep warm. There is no wood so we have to stay in bed most of the time. Last night we had a ptarmigan fry at Cahill’s but two of us had to stay in bed while the other two done the cooking using corn beef fat for wood.
May 27th Sunday
The weather still cold and the creeks all froze over again.
May 28th, 29th, 30th
News came in tonight that four boats were in at Nome. Three whalers and the steamer Alpha with 140 passengers. H. Ball brought over some late papers. The weather turning warmer.
The weather warm and the creeks breaking up again. I killed 1 goose and we had a big dinner. All the boys on the creek were over.
Harry Moore and I started over to the Big 4 this morning to corner stake some claims and do some prospecting but we did not even find colors so we came back getting into camp this morning.
Two of the Alpha passengers arrived here today. They are trying to get outside of stakes to prospect.
June 33rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th
These days were put in cutting ice out of the creek.
Bob Barclay and Chris went up the left fork of the Cassadefruga to do some corner staking on some claims. It is snowing all day.
A.C. Company, 7, 14
Abrams, Adolf, 1, 2
Alpha. See Steamers, Alpha
Avila, Joe, 13
Ball, H., 17
Barclay, Bob, 1, 17
Big Four Creek, 9, 17
Birch Creek, 10
Bray, Frank, 1, 2, 3, 7
Brazil, Frank, 15, 16
Brills, Chas., 6
Brown, Mr. and Mrs., 12, 13
Cahill, Chas., 8, 9, 10, 12, 16
Camping, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 17
Hardships, 9, 11, 14, 15
Canyon Creek, 9
Cassadefruga River, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17
Claims, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17
Clothing and Gear
Clough, Dave, 10, 12
Counsel City, 8
Cripple River, 12
Murder, 12, 14
Native, 2, 13
Discovery Creek, 9
Dogs, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8
Feeding, 2, 4, 5, 9
Duryea, Ike, 8, 9, 10
Enos, Manuel, 1, 2, 3, 4
Eubank (person), 6
Fish River, 5
Fishing Camp, 2
Fox River, 5
Golden Gate District, 8
Golovin City, 10, 12, 15, 16
Goose Creek, 9
Hayne Party, 1, 3, 4
Ptarmigan, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Independence Mining Camp, 11
Iron Creek, 8
Ivanhoe Creek, 9
Jacquich, E., 2
Kayuk, 1, 2, 3, 4
Kuguruk River, 1, 2
Kuwalik, 2, 3, 4
Lewis, Frank, 6
Louis, Frank, 15
Marlin, E., 16
Marlin, P., 15
Minerva Lake, 8
Mission, The, 4
Moore, Harry, 17
Nome, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 11, 12, 16, 17
Nome River, 8
Nugget Creek, 8
Pajaro Creek, 9
Pilgrim River, 8
Port Safety, 6, 11, 12, 13, 14
Quartz Creek, 10
Ray, Jesse, 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 13, 15, 16
Ridgeway, W., 6, 13
Ruby Creek, 13, 15
Schibsby, Oxel, 4
Seal oil, 3
Shovel Creek, 14, 15
Snow Gulch, 6
Solomon River, 14
Steam Thawer, 1
Struve, Chris, 1, 2, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17
Surprise Creek, 10
Cards and Games, 1
Elections, 6, 14
Feasts, 1, 13, 17
Staking Lots, 6, 10, 14
Work, 6, 11
Watson Creek, 10
Watsonville, California, 6
Willow Creek, 8
Wordell, 6, 12
Ship: Northern Light
First Mate: Tilton
Sailing Date: May 12, 1898
May 11th, 1898
Everybody was aboard at 4 o’clock this afternoon. The tug Sea Witch came alongside and towed us out from Howard St. Wharf No. 2 and started for the Golden Gate but when off North Beach a tug with the custom house officers ordered the Captain to drop anchor. An officer was put aboard and the ship searched for licquor. They found one barrel of wine which was emptied. We had to stay that night.
Hoisted anchor at 10 a.m. and the tug Sea Witch towed us to sea. There was quite a swell on so it did not take long till the passengers were hunting their berths. We saw one full-rigged ship coming in and a number of pilot boats.
The weather very cold. Sailing southwest course. Two stowaways were found aboard, a man and a woman.
It commenced raining at 9 o’clock this morning and rained all day. Had south wind and sailing due west making 10 knots per hour. An old sow had 8 pigs but all died.
May 15th Sunday
First day the sun has been out but a cold northwest wind blowing. Sailing southwest and the ocean very rough. A few that were able to be on deck had to hunt their bunks again.
Cold and cloudy and still sailing southwest course.
The wind still blowing from the northwest and sailing southwest. At noon we were 140 miles south of San Francisco and about 400 miles to sea. One sailor had two fingers smashed putting down the main hatch.
Sailing due west this morning and sighted a three-masted schooner to the north. At noon we changed course to the southwest again.
The sun came out this morning and a very light breeze at noon. There was a dead calm. Not enough wind to steer the ship. We are now 275 miles south of San Francisco and about 500 miles to sea. At 7 o’clock p.m. the wind started blowing from the southwest and sailing northwest. Jim and I went up the first landing of the foremast and out to the end of the jibboom.
It was raining this morning and the wind blowing from the southwest. Sailing northwest and making 8 knots per hour. About noon the wind was blowing so hard had to take in most all sails. Making no headway. Only keeping her bow to the seas. Very rough. Got wet from a wave that went clear over the deck. Wind changed to the west tonight but blowing very hard.
Raining this morning and a cold northwest wind blowing. Sailing southwest.
May 22nd Sunday
This was an idle day. Not a breath of wind blowing. We had an extra good dinner, we had oyster soup and plum duff. Quite a change from small potatoes and salt horse. In the afternoon a cask of lager beir of 120 bottles was opened and sold at 25 cent a bottle. It lasted about 10 minutes. At 2 o’clock we had church. Cards, music, church and beir all the same time.
The ship leaking so bad had to keep two pumps going steady. The mate came on deck and reported finding 3 - ¾ in. holes bored in the bow of the vessel. The wind blowing from the southwest and we are sailing northwest 8 ½ knots an hour. About 5 o’clock this afternoon a three-masted schooner crossed our bow about a mile bound north.
It was raining hard this morning. About noon it began to clear and a wind came up from the west. Sailing north. At noon we were in Lat. 35-27 and Long. 138:00.
The wind blowing from the west. Sailing almost north and making slow progress. The weather cloudy. At noon we were in Lat. 36-36 and Long. 138-02.
Sighted a bark this morning thought to be bound for Frisco. Raining and a cold northwest wind blowing. Sailing southwest. An old fellow we call Scoty found a few crawlers on him and is giving his clothes a good airing. At noon we were in Lat. 37-17 and Long. 138-37.
The wind blowing from the northwest. Sailing southwest.
The ocean was very smooth today. A light northwest wind blowing. Sailling southwest. We had a stag dance on deck.
May 29th Sunday
The forenoon was a calm but in the afternoon a breeze blowing from the southwest and sailing northwest. A tin horn preacher held services on deck and lots of Gospel hymns were sung.
Raining this morning and a strong northwest wind blowing. Sailing southwest. Three hats were lost overboard.
Heavy northwest wind blowing and the ocean very rough. Sailing southwest and making slow progress.
We had a calm until about 3 o’clock p.m. A light wind from the south and sailing northwest.
A good wind blowing from the south and sailing northwest, making 10 knots an hour.
The wind blowing again from the northwest and sailing southwest. Raining this evening. Some of us boys helped the steward get out some ship stores and in so doing managed to steal 22 gallons of canned fruit and hid them in our stateroom.
A fair wind blowing and sailing northwest, making 6 knots an hour. At noon we were in Lat. 38-40 and Long. 149-01.
June 5th Sunday
Raining and a calm until about 5 o’clock. A wind started to blow from the south. Sailing northwest.
This morning the wind died down to another calm and raining. Tonight a light wind blowing from the southwest.
Raining and wind blowing from the south. Making good time until about 4 o’clock the wind blew a gale, breaking some of the rigging. All sails were furled except the main lower top sail and the fore top mast stay sail. The wind changed to the southwest. The ocean very rough. Some waves going over decks. Some of the passengers badly scared. Making no headway but just keeping her bow to the seas.
The wind still blowing very hard from the west. Ocean rough. Rain and hail and making poor headway. Lat. 44-05. Very cold.
The storm still on. Very rough seas, heavy southwest wind. Cold, and still raining.
The storm is over and the ocean smooth again. A good deal of excitement today. Some of the passengers got up a petition to have things kept more clean and to stop smoking in the dining room. There was not many signers but the Captain stopped smoking in the dining room and that everybody had to keep one place at the table. The first meal wound up with a fight between two passengers but was stopped by Mate Tilton before any damage was done. This evening it is calm and foggy. The yards all squared for an east wind.
Calm until sundown when a south wind started up. Sailing northwest. Almost another fight on account of table regulations.
June 12th Sunday
Cold wind blowing from the northwest. Sailing north. About 6 o’clock this evening changed course to southwest. At noon we were in Lat. 48-23 and Long. 157:04.
The wind blowing from the west. Sailing north until 7 o’clock this evening. We changed course to the southwest.
Calm all day. Joe Avila cut our hair and trimmed up our whiskers which we badly needed. The mate lowered one of the whale boats and gave a few a chance to exercise by rowing around the ship. Tonight we finished up our canned fruit we had stored in our stateroom.
A light north wind blowing and sailing on our course but very slow. Had a dance on deck. Notices were posted today that anybody shooting fur seals would be put in irons.
Fair wind all day. Sailing on our course, making 9 knots an hour. Raining. Wrote a letter so it would be ready as the Captain will send mail on the first boat we meet.
Still having a fair wind, making 9 knots an hour. Raining all day. Keeping a sharp lookout for land tonight.
I got up at 4 o’clock this morning and went on deck and at 4:30 we first sighted land. The first land seen in 37 days, there was many high peaks that was still covered with snow. Old Scoty said they looked like they were gold-capped. We sailed up to the head of Winimak Pass when two whale boats were lowered to go cod fishing. Jim, Chris and I went along and caught lots of fish. About 300 lbs. were caught from the ship. Another ship sailed through the pass thought to be the Leslie D. bound for Dutch Harbor. The passengers had lots of fun shooting at whales as they were spouting in every direction. When we were almost through the pass we could see the Pogeumnor volcano. The water was covered with ducks and sea birds. It is daylight till 10 o’clock and daylight at two in the morning. Wind fair and making good time. Raining a little.
June 19th Sunday
This morning we are in the Bering Sea and no land in sight. Had a fair wind all day. The weather very cold and raining.
Slight wind this morning but blowing harder this afternoon and making good time north. The thermometer down to freezing point. Keeping a lookout for ice.
Had fair wind today and making good time. The sun set tonight at 10:05. We expect to reach St. Lawrence Sd. tomorrow morning.
Swift water. Chris gave me a punch in the ribs at 12:30 this morning and said there was a sail in sight and could see St. Lawrence Sd. We had a great time waking the passengers and some of them got pretty mad. The sun rose at 2 o’clock this morning and did not get dark all night. The sail we sighted was the bark Merrimed from Frisco bound for Kotzebue Sound. We failed to find Capt. Cogan and the Alaska at the island where our Captain expected to meet him. St. Lawrence Sd. is a dreary looking place and covered with snow down to the water’s edge. There is ice as far as we can see and the weather is very cold.
This morning we are northwest of St. Lawrence Sd. We saw two small schooners. One of them came alongside us [and said] that America is knocking hell out of Spain. They are from Grays Harbor bound for Kotzebue Sd. They tried to reach the sound but had to turn back on account of the ice. We passed through two miles of floating ice. It was quite a sight. The day is nice and warm. I went up the main mast to the royal yard-arm. Another float of ice at 3 o’clock this afternoon but we could not get through and had to tack ship. Ran into an iceberg that shook the ship like an earthquake while the second mate was on watch. The Captain came on deck and the passengers were badly scared. At midnight we were still tacking to get around the ice.
I got up at 2 o’clock this morning and we were still hunting a place to get through the ice. The sun rose at 1:30 this morning. There are lots of walrus and seals around. Two boats were lowered one boat got four walrus and the other got one seal. One seal was killed from the ship but sunk before we could get it. We are now heading for Kings Sd. on the Alaska coast.
When we got up this morning we were close to Kings Sd. and could see the mainland of Alaska. We had some seal and walrus steaks for breakfast and they were good. Sighted the bark Merrimed again and a schooner. Arrived off Kings Sd. at noon and about 80 natives came aboard with furs to trade with the passengers. Jim, Chris and I went with Capt. Sudlow to the Indian village. There are about 300 living on the side of a big bluff. They live in skin huts in summer and dugouts in winter. They had a couple hundred dogs and it was the dirtiest place I ever saw. This afternoon was the first time we set foot on land for 44 days. At 5 o’clock we squared sails for St. Lawrence bay on the Siberian coast to take on water and trade with the natives.
June 27th Sunday
Arrived at St. Lawrence bay at noon and found three steam whalers anchored one of them the William Baylies in which our Capt. is part owner came alongside and anchored. We heard from them that the Alaska is at St. Lawrence Sd. and are putting up the John Reilly there and also report lots of ice in the Bering Straits. There was a fight today between the steward and cook. The cook got knocked out and has not come to yet.
Hoisted anchor at 4 o’clock this morning and tied up to the ice. So also did the William Baylies. The day was passed on the ice throwing snowballs, visiting the other ship and writing letters home. We bought a lot of furs from the William Baylies.
Went up the bay to the Indian village and dropped anchor. All three boats were lowered to haul water so all the passengers went ashore and took a walk. Went over to Kings reindeer station and saw the reindeer. Some of the boys had to stay on shore all night before they could get aboard again. There are lots of Indians aboard but haven’t got many furs.
Today was spent boat riding and hunting. Took up anchor tonight and towed the ship further from shore with the whale boats. All sails set ready to start as soon as the wind starts to blow.
This morning there was a calm. All the boats were lowered to go seal hunting. They brought in five seals. The wind started up this afternoon and we sailed to the Diomede Islands, arriving there at 9 o’clock p.m. The natives came aboard but haven’t got much to trade.
Sailing with a fair wind for Kotzebue Sd. Sighted one schooner and two square-rigged ships. A programe made up for a Fourth of July celebration. We are now on the Arctic Circle.
The wind blowing hard all day. Four other ships in sight. We are close to Kotzebue Sd. but cannot sail in on account of the ice. Raining a little tonight.
July 3rd Sunday
Laying to all day. Spoke the schooner Chas. Hansen and reported lots of ice ahead and also having passed the Alaska coming through Unimak pass. Spoke the schooner Penelope tonight and six other ships in sight besides us all waiting for the ice to clear away. Some of us boys stayed up until 12 o’clock when we rang all the ships bells, fired pistols and anvils after that we went down through all the bunk rooms with tin horns dinner bells tin cans and woke everybody up. We kept it up for two hours. All the old men were fighting mad. W. A. Hayne came on deck wrapped in a large flag with a small one in his hand, we all gave three cheers. Mate Tilton passed around the whiskey. The sun was shining bright at midnight and so we opened the fourth of July in the Arctic Ocean aboard the Northern Light
Got up at 7 o’clock and most of the old cranks growling about the noise we made but after breakfast all got ready to celebrate the 4th.
1st boat race by selected crew. 2nd boat race by green crew. 3rd boat race by picked crew. 4th sailing race by Capt. Sudlow and Mate Tilton. Prizes for successful crews, three smiles from the ladies. Reading the Declaration of Independence by Dr. Robertson. Music. Recitation by Mate Tilton. Reading by J. R. Driggs. Music. Dancing in Masinka boats. Refreshments and fireworks.
The first boat race Jim and I were boat steerers. Jim won the race. Next race Dr. Robertson and W. A. Hayne were boat steerers. Dr. won the race. This race were by a crew that never rowed a boat before and was lots of fun. The next race was between Capt. Sudlow. Jim was with Capt. Sudlow and I was with Mate Tilton. When the race was half over Tilton fell overboard in making a turn he grabbed the steering oar and climbed in the boat and finished the race but we lost. The next race was a sailing race by Capt. Sudlow and mate Tilton with the same crews and was won by Tilton. The rowing races was from the ship to a store boat twice and the sailing race was from the ship around the schooner Chas. Hansen and back twice, about 3 miles distance. We then had dinner. After that we went over the Chas. Hansen and got all the passengers and an organ and had a dance on deck. About 6 o’clock p.m. the Guardian from Seattle sailed in and dropped anchor near us. We went over and got the Capt. and brought him aboard. He got papers as late as June 10th and was glad to get some news. She had 120 passengers and left Seattle April 26. There are twelve other ships in sight waiting to get through the ice. We are now looking for the Alaska to be in at any time.
Today it is warm and no wind. Some of us boys took one of the ship’s boats and went aboard several of the other ships. Hoisted anchor tonight and heading for the sound.
Found too much ice in the sound and dropped anchor again. We heard from a small schooner that our river steamer John Reilly would not be completed for some time yet and that the Alaska has been looking for us on the Siberian coast as we had all the spikes and one big timber on board that was wanted but our Capt. denies it. Raining today.
Heaved up anchor about noon and started through the ice. The wind died down about 3 o’clock p.m. to a dead calm. About 30 natives came aboard. There was a good deal of excitement when a passenger panned down some of the mud brought up by the anchor that showed colors that looked like gold but afterwards we found out that it was brass filings that the ship carpenters put in the pan. The wind started up again tonight and we expect to reach our destination by morning. Warm today.
Arrived in the sound and dropped anchor off Cape Blossom. We took a boat and went ashore. The land is all covered with moss and there are lots of mosquitos. There is some grass and wild flowers. There was 4 boats loads of natives came aboard with lots of bear and other small skins. The Missionaries from Friends’ Mission also came aboard and they was surprised at all the gold seekers. They never heard of any gold being found on the Kubuck R.
A. Haynes steam launch and the cargo boat was put overboard and everything made ready to unload as soon as our river steamer comes in. Went ashore and took a walk on the beach. The day warm. The Bark Guardian dropped anchor close by.
Went to the Indian village it was about 8 miles row. We got back at 10:30 p.m. got two salmon from the natives and had a good fish supper.
The wind blowed hard today. The ship dragged both anchors about ½ a mile.
The day was very warm. We are waiting anxiously for the Alaska and John Reilly .
The Capt’s party left this morning with an Indian guide for the Kubuck river. The steam launch Geo. M. Stoney gave them a tow to about 15 miles from the mouth of the river. A good many getting out some of their freight and are going to leave in small boats. The weather is very warm.
The Rev. Cutter Bear came in and dropped anchor. The Capt. came aboard and brought some mail and reported that the Reilly had not been launched yet and the Alaska left Port Clarence yesterday for St. Lawrence Sd. Two more schooners came in today. We are making preparations to leave the ship and go up the river.
Three more boats left the ship bound for the gold fields. The J. A. Falkenberg river steamer came in and from their reports the Reilly will not be here for two weeks yet. Today was the warmest day.
The J. A. Falkenberg and the Catherine Sudden came in today. Four more boats started from the ship today. We will get started tomorrow and are promised a tow. Our Preacher Woods fell overboard but was saved by the mate.
July 17th Sunday
Got our boats loaded at noon and towed to the Sousia D. a party from there and our boats were taken in tow by Hayne’s launch and started for the Kubuck. There was two boats of us. Jim Trickle, Ed Henry Chris Struve Al McCusker Jim and I. When we got in the Inlet they told us we were 2 ½ miles from the mouth of the river and told us which course to take. We started at 7 o’clock p.m. to row across after rowing about half an hour the wind blowed very hard and it got so foggy we had to go by our compass. We rowed for 7 hours before we saw land again. And had much trouble landing on account of shallow water. It is all low swampy land and the mosquitos are terrible. Cooked something to eat consisting of bacon baking powder bread and coffee. Will take a few hours rest then. Try to find out where we are.
Got up and had breakfast at 7 o’clock and then started up what we thought was the Kubuck river but after going about 5 miles found we were wrong and had to come back again and started down the Inlet but it got so rough we had to land. It was 7 o’clock and all tired we had something to eat and lay down to sleep but the mosquitos were so thick that they almost eat us up. We got our boats loaded again and started down the Inlet at midnight we met B. Plummer T. McCorum Jim Clark Curtis Allen and North all from the Northern Light. We were all hunting for the mouth of the river. B. Plummer said that he had been down the Inlet for 15 miles and that the mouth of the river was not that way so turned back up the inlet.
We rowed back about 10 miles but could not find the mouth. About 6 o’clock it began to rain so we went ashore and made camp. We were all tired so we had something to eat pitched our tent and went to bed. We got up at 7 o’clock this evening. At 10 we were ready to boat on the Inlet again after many arguments which way we should go we finally agreed to row back down.
We rowed from 10 o’clock last night til 4 o’clock this morning when we met the steam launch hero with a tow going for the mouth. We followed her and at half past 4 we were on the Kubuck river. We went up the river about two miles and had breakfast. Got started again at 8 o’clock a.m. and rowed until 12 noon when we stopped and made camp for a few hours rest. Went in swimming. The river is full of Salmon and the air is full of mosquitos and gnats. The weather is very warm. Got up at 8 o’clock p.m. and after supper loaded the boats and started up the river. Raining.
We rowed until 4 o’clock this morning and made camp again. The river has so many branches it is hard to keep from getting lost. Got up again at 2 o’clock p.m. We had a hard time cooking as the wind was blowing so hard it filled everything full of sand. We got started again at 3:30 p.m. had head wind most of the way. Arrived out of the delta at 10 o’clock p.m. made camp for a rest.
Started again this morning with a heavy head wind found the river very shallow in places. We passed J. B. Jones and party that were towed up the river by Hayne’s launch. The launch could not go any further on account of low water.
Raining this morning. Got started at 10 o’clock a.m. There is a good deal of timber and getting nearer the mountains. The Merrinnard [Merrimed?] launch passed us going up the river tonight. We ran our canvas boat on a rock tore a hole in it and had to stop for repairs. We are now about 50 miles up the river.
July 24th Sunday
Went to bed late last night so we did not get up until 12 o’clock today. We patched our boat this afternoon and at 8 o’clock p.m. started again up the river. The current is getting swift and have to tow most of the way.
We have decided not to go up the river any further but to wait for the John Reilly for the water is getting very shallow. We have been panning some but no signs of gold.
Moved down the river a mile and made camp. About 15 boats passed us today also a steam launch with a barge and 5 boats, heard from them that the John Reilly would not be in for a month yet. Raining.
Raining all day.
Still raining. The river rising fast. Had to move our tent further up the bank.
Raining. The river rose over 5 ft. and still rising.
Cleared up a little but some heavy showers.
July 31st Sunday
Had a few showers today. Capt. Whitesides party and Dr. Robertson came down the river, they had been as far as Par river. They found a few colors but nothing encouraging. Jim Trickle washed out a pan of dirt that had 3 small colors.
Was just eating breakfast when a stern wheeler came around the turn everything was packed in a hurry and the boats loaded but it proved to be the Arctic Bird from the Grase [Grace] Dollar. They told us that they left the sound on Friday and that the John Reilly had not come in yet. Went about 6 miles on a prospect trip but found nothing. We ate our last beans all we have left is ¾ of a sack of flour one meal of dried apples and about 2 in. of bacon.
Seen another stern wheeler coming around the turn packed up all our things again but it was the Agnes Boyd from the Chas. Hansen. They told us that the Alaska and John Reilly are given up for lost. We started down the river to the Whiteside’s camp. They had news from the Falkenburg’s steamer, Kotzebue that when they left a square rigged ship was coming in with a tow so we made camp and will wait for further news.
Raining. Had chicken soup for dinner the first square meal we had for a week.
Raining all day. Got a net from a camp close by and caught 4 salmon. The Falkenburg’s steamer came up tonight and reported the Alaska and John Reilly in the sound and unloading all the freight on the beach. Jim, Joe Whiteside and I took the canvas boat and started for the sound. It was 11:00 o’clock p.m. and all we got to make the trip is a little salmon and a couple dozen hard tack. The distance is 90 miles.
Rowed all day and night. Provisions getting short.
Reached the mouth of the river at 2:30 this morning. A hard wind blowing and the Inlet very rough but we had to cross and reached the other side at 5:30 a.m. We had only 6 hard tacks left so we did not eat anything but spread our blankets for a little rest. Got up again at 7:30 a.m. and started on. Stopped for another rest at 3:30 p.m. and got started on at 5:30 p.m. We are not out of provisions. We went on about a mile when we met a native with Salmon. We got 4 of them. We boiled one in the water bucket. Started on again and reached the Northern Light camp at 10 o’clock p.m. and got there just in time to help unload the Reilly.
August 7th Sunday
Went with the John Reilly to the Northern Light. Everything is piled on the back only covered with sails and raining hard. The passengers went to Capt. Whiteside and demanded that he put up a warehouse which he did. We work day and night. Everybody is more or less disappointed with the situation.
The Reilly went back for the last load. Started to put up the warehouse. Finished the warehouse and had it stored to the roof by 10 o’clock p.m. Size 20 x 40 ft. walls. The Reilly is on a sand bar with the last load.
Waited for the Reilly all day and after unloading some of her freight on a big barge got her afloat at midnight.
Today was put in loading on our 30 day outfits and started for the river at 6 o’clock p.m. Jim stayed at the sound to take care of the freight.
Reached the mouth of the river at 5 o’clock a.m. and made good time all day. The Reilly is so crowded with passengers and freight that there is no place to sleep and no show to get anything to eat. Will run night and day.
Met our boys in camp this morning and they were taken aboard. Ran aground and took all the passengers and a rope to float her again. Went ½ mile further and ran aground again, got her afloat again at 11 o’clock p.m. Dropped anchor to wait for day-light.
Hoisted one of the anchors at 4 o’clock this morning the other anchor dragged and we went aground again. Ropes was put ashore and we pulled and tugged all day and after unloading some of the freight we got her afloat at 7 o’clock p.m. Went up the river about ½ mile and anchored for the night.
August 14th Sunday
Started at 2 o’clock this morning and had good luck all day. Had two fires on board but was put out before any damage.
Got an early start and made good time all day. Met all the Northern Light boys at the mouth of the Ambler. Saw a boat tip over and one man drowned. We got into a boat and saved some of the outfit. Tied up for the night about 10 miles below Fort Cosmos. Raining.
We arrived at our destination at 2 o’clock p.m. about 6 miles above Fort Cosmos. We got everything unloaded and tents put up. Raining.
We chopped wood for the Reilly this forenoon and this afternoon we went to falling timber for our cabins. Raining.
Chopping down trees all day. Raining and some snow fell on the mountain. A pan of dirt was washed ... was from the top of the hill and got 12 colors.
Started fir first cabin and got the walls up about 5 ft.
Working on our cabins all day. some of the boys saw a deer come down to the river to drink.
Worked as usual on our cabins. Raining all day.
Some of the Northern Light boys returned from up the river but found no prospects. It has been reported that 3 white men were found up the river dead supposed to have froze to death last winter.
Some excitement over a supposed nugget but proved not to be gold. The day was very warm.
A few showers but warm. Started another cabin today. The John Reilly arrived tonight.
Jim Trickle and two others started up Pick river on a prospect trip. The weather is fine. The Reilly started back down the river carrying a few more cold feet. A part returned from the head-waters of the Kubuck but found no prospects.
Raining today. working on our cabins.
Raining. Jim Trickle returned from Pick R. found a few colors.
August 28th Sunday
Worked all day putting on roof and banking around cabins. Raining.
The weather nice and warm. The river rising fast. Working on cabins and finished one which will be Eds, Chris and Joes’.
Rained all night and until noon today. This afternoon we moved from our tent into Eds’ cabin. Finished up Al’s cabin.
Working around the cabin. The sun was out and had a show to dry our bedding. We had biscuits for dinner the first meal we missed flap-Jacks since leaving the Northern Light.
Had some rain today. Working on our cabins.
Put the bunks in our cabin. Raining all day. The John Reilly came in tonight.
Unloaded the Reilly and packed our goods up to the cabins. The mountains are covered with snow.
September 4th Sunday
Whip sawing lumber for our cabins doors.
September 5th and 6th
Put in the windows and doors. Raining.
Raining all day. The river the highest it has been since we been up here.
September 8th and 9th
These days were put in getting our winters wood. Raining steady.
Chopping wood. Saw the first Northern Lights tonight.
September 11th Sunday
Today was a fine day. Went out hunting and got 4 grouse. The Reilly came in this afternoon and Jim came up. Got unloaded before night.
The Reilly started back and Jim and Chris went down with her. The day clear but a heavy frost this morning the ground froze hard.
September 13th, 14th, 15th
These days were put in chopping wood. The weather fine.
Jim Trickle, Ed Henry and Sam Miller started up the river on a prospect trip. Joe Avila and I are in camp alone. Fine weather.
Today I commenced putting up our canvas boat. Party came down from Reed river and reported finding good prospects.
September 18th Sunday
Working on the boat. The weather colder and a little rain.
Finished putting up the canvas boat and the darnest job I ever had. The nights are getting very cold and the Northern Lights pretty.
September 20th, 21st
Putting in the time cutting wood for winter use. The mornings cold but the days clear and warm.
About 2 inches of snow fell this morning. Jim and Chris came up today. The Reilly ran aground 150 miles down the river and cannot be floated again this year. They had to come back in a small boat it took them 10 days. About ½ of our outfit is at the sound yet.
Nothing was done today.
September 25th Sunday
Joe Avila, Al McCusker, Dave Clough, Irvin Wordill and Jim and I started up the river on a prospecting trip.
Snowing this morning. The boys killed over 100 salmon. Camping tonight just above Stoney camp.
Made about 20 miles up the river. We had to cross several rapids.
We are camping tonight about 8 miles below Par river. The river hard towing.
We got an early breakfast and started overland to the mountains to get on a branch of Monneluk river. We did not find any prospects.
We could not get any further up the river so we went down to the mouth of the Kogoluktwk river and made camp for the night. I lost 5 socks and a pair of drawers by fire.
Went up the Kogolukwk about 5 miles and found a few small colors. Jim, Ed and Sam came down and made camp with us. They had been to the headwaters of the Par river and found a few colors.
October 2nd Sunday
Arrived back to Reilly camp this afternoon. Some ice on the way.
October 3rd, 4th, 5th
Building a wood shed and banking in around the cabins.
October 6th, 7th, 8th
Chopping wood for winter.
October 9th Sunday
Today was general washday.
Working on the cabin.
We all started with packs on our backs for the mountains across country on a prospect trip.
Prospected a small stream and found a few colors. climbed to the top of the mountains. Cold enough to freeze ice on our whiskers. Snowing today.
Dug some prospects holes and found a few colors. 10 ft. is the deepest we could go down on account of water.
We packed up this morning and started for home. The thermometer 6 degrees above zero and lots of ice in the river. Snowing a little.
Chopping wood. The thermometer was 2 degrees above this morning.
October 16th Sunday
Washday again today. The thermometer 6 degrees below.
Chopping wood. It was 12 degrees below this morning.
Today was a little warmer 6 below. The weather cloudy. The river almost froze over. Mr. Johnson in trying to cross on the ice fell through and had a narrow escape.
Today was put in getting sled runners. The weather warmer and snowing.
October 20th, 21st, 22nd
October 23rd Sunday
The weather cold 6 degrees below zero all day.
October 24th, 25th
Building sleds and sawing ice. The ice 12 inches thick on the lake.
Jim and I walked over to the mountains and up Cosmos creek and back a distance of 25 miles.
Finished up cutting ice. another man fell through the ice on the river but got out all right.
Working on our sleds.
Chris Struve, Albert McCusker, M. Joey, M. Joey No. 2 and W. McKillop went to the mountains on Cosmos creek to prospect and stake claims where Al McCusker had found prospects before.
October 30th Sunday
We hauled a sled load of provisions over to Cosmos creek about 3 miles from Reilly camp so to get an early start tomorrow for the mountains.
Joe Avila, Ed Henry, Jim Trickle, Jim and I and the Whiteside party started with packs for the creek finished our sled load and sledded up the creek to the mountains. We arrived there at 5 o’clock we had a lot of water to pull through and Ed and I fell through the ice and were wet all over. The wind blowing hard and 15 below zero.
Jim Trickle, Chris, Jim and Al McCusker went on locating claims while the rest of us made camp. Fell through the ice again and got wet. 8 below zero.
November 2nd, 3rd
I helped Chris and Al stake out the rest of the claims and Ed, Jim and Jim and Joe Avila started to build a cabin. The thermometer 30 below zero.
November 4th, 5th, 6th Sunday
These days were put in building our cabin work is slow as everything is froze and the sun sets at 3 o’clock. The weather very cold. building 10 x 20 and 6 of us will live in it. About 30 claims staked.
Started back to Reilly camp today for more provisions and our stoves. Jim killed 15 grouse on the way. found lots of frost in he cabins and cold but glad to get a square meal.
Packed a load to the creek where we left our sleds. Snowing a little.
Packed another load to the creek.
Got up at 4 o’clock this morning and got an early start for our cabin on the Cosmos. We took 1200 lbs. on two sleds and made camp by dark after a hard days work.
Working on the cabin.
Moved into the cabin but it is still very cold.
November 13th Sunday
Jim Trickle and I started back to the Reilly camp to get our stove. Met some men packing over to the Shangenack creek and they said from 15cents to 25 a pan was got there and there are 100 claims staked. The thermometer 32 below zero.
Got up early this morning and packed up our stove and table and started for our cabin at Cosmos. 44 below zero.
A miners meeting held at our cabin with 20 miners present. Two committees elected to name the district and form rules and regulations. meeting adjourned until 3 o’clock tomorrow.
The adjourned meeting held today. The district named McCusker district. Fee for recording claims 5 dollars. Albert McCusker elected recorder.
Working on the cabin.
Got up early this morning and started for Reilly camp for more provisions. The weather cold and snowing.
Packed two loads to the creek to get an early start tomorrow morning.
November 20th Sunday
Got up early and started up the creek with 500 lbs. on a sled and reached our cabin on Cosmos at 1 o’clock p.m. Got a good mess of grouse on the way. The weather warmer.
Everybody busy making chairs chopping wood and fixing up cabin.
November 22nd and 23rd
Chopping wood and building windlasses. A heavy wind blowing.
November 24th, 25th, 26th
Cutting winters supply of wood.
November 27th Sunday
Ed and I went out hunting while Jim and Chris thawing ground for our prospect holes.
Started our shaft and got down 10 ft. by night.
Put up our windlass and are down 13 ft. tonight.
Our shaft down 29 ft. tonight.
Went down 5 ft. today and struck water.
About foot and half water in the shaft this morning. Ed and Chris struck water at 20 ft.
December 4th Sunday
Baled out our shaft and went down 2 ft. further.
December 6th, 7th, 8th
These days were stormy about 6 in. of snow fell. Everybody has a bad cold so nothing was done.
There was 5 ft. of water in our shaft this morning so we give up the job and started a fire to sink another shaft.
There was only about 1 foot thawed so we built another fire.
December 11th Sunday
Went down 7 ft. today on our shaft and struck water. A heavy wind blowing all day. We got news from Pick river and over the divide but nothing has been found.
Started another shaft on Trickles claim.
December 13th, 14th, 15th
Working on the shaft.
Got down 38 ft. and struck water.
I helped Whitesides on their shaft today. Got down 50 ft. and struck water.
December 18th, 19th
Nothing was done as water was struck in every shaft. The weather very cold.
December 20th, 21st
Went hunting both days. Got 1 grouse and a porcupine.
Putting down a shaft on McCuskers claim. The thermometer 68 below zero.
December 23rd, 24th
Jim and Ed working on the shaft while Trickle and I went hunting got 3 grouse. thermometer 65 below.
December 25th Sunday
Today being Christmas nothing was done. We had a big grouse stew for Christmas dinner and oyster soup.
Got down on the shaft 35 ft. and struck water.
Got up this morning at 2 o’clock packed up two sled loads and started for Reilly camp.
Went back about 3 miles for a sled load we had to leave behind yesterday.
Today was a cold day. The thermometer 55 below zero.
December 30th, 31st
January 1st 1899 Sunday
Joe Avila went out hunting today but got nothing. Dave Clough came over from Cosmos creek. The weather fair 10 below zero.
Joe Avila and Ed Henry went hunting up Pick river and got 5 birds. The weather fair at 15 below zero.
Wardell came over from Cosmos creek today. Jim Hopley came over from Pick river and is stopping at Joe’s. weather fine 15 below zero.
Wardell is making arrangements to go down to the sound with the mail carriers. Thermometer 20 below.
The weather cloudy it was 8 above zero Chris went up Pick river with Jim Hopley. Wardell started for the sound this evening.
Joe Avila, Jim Trickle and I went hunting and got 3 birds. The day was cloudy and snowing a little with 15 above zero. Dr. Porterfield came down the river from Nugget creek but brought no news.
Ed Henry went out hunting today but got nothing. The day was fogy and 25 above zero. We had quite a gathering at Joe’s cabin tonight and had lot of music singing and jig dancing.
January 8th Sunday
Joe Avila went out hunting and got 1 bird. Chris and Johnson got back from Pick river. Weather clear and 28 below zero.
Frenchy came down from Pick river and stayed with us. He had a falling out with his pardners. The day was quite cold 40 below zero.
Chris, Jim and I started up the river today we made Sinclairs camp by night about 25 miles. Thermometer 45 below.
Chris Jim W. Sinclair and I went up the river today to see some of the boys at Nugget creek and stayed all night with them. thermometer 50 below.
Chris, Jim Jim Clark Geo Forderer and I went down to Stoney camp to see some of the Northern Light boys. Fred McCarm Chips and Gull and tom Pearson got back from Beaver city on the Allashook and report prospects not encouraging. went back to Sinclairs and Rays cabins tonight. Thermometer 45 below.
Put in the day at Sinclair and Rays as the day was too cold to travel. 50 below.
Started back for Reilly camp. The day was cloudy at 38 below zero.
January 15th Sunday
Ed Henry went out hunting and got 5 birds. The mail arrived today from the sound but there was none for any of us. Sam Miller came over from Cosmos creek. Thermometer 40 below zero.
The day was cloudy with a little snow 25 below. Jim Trickle and I went over to Cosmos creek with Sam Miller. Jim stayed with the Whiteside party and I stayed with Joey and McKillop.
The weather was fair at 28 below. Jim and I started back for Reilly camp with a light pack.
Ed Henry and I went out hunting. Ed got 2 birds. The weather clear 25 below.
Ed Henry went hunting up Pick river and got 1 bird. Curtis was here on his way up Pick river. Weather clear 28 below.
The weather clear at 38 below. Ed Henry went up Cosmos creek. Al McCusker taken down with black leg.
Jim Chris and I taking care of Al. The day was fair at 30 below.
January 22nd Sunday
Taking care of Al. Three Indians passed on their way to the head waters of Black river to get a deer which they had killed. Thermometer 32 below.
Jim Trickle and I started on the Indian trail on a hunt we went so far Jim tired out and stayed at Mulkeys about 3 miles from camp. the day was very cold 40 below and a heavy wind blowing. I froze both cheeks and one ear. Ed Henry got back from cosmos with one frozen cheek.
Jim Clark and Fred McCann came down from Stoney camp and are staying with us. 34 below zero.
We were home all day thermometer 30 below.
Chris Clark McCann and I spent the day at Parsons cabin. Joe Avila and Mike Walty came down from Stoney camp. There was a blizzard on all day and snowing 15 below zero. The Indians returned from Black river with two deer and we traded them for some of it.
Today was very windy and the thermometer at 25 below zero.
Jim Clark, Fred McCann and Frenchy started up Pick river today., The day was windy and snowing at 14 below.
January 29th Sunday
The day was windy and cloudy at 15 above zero. We had a gathering at Joe’s cabin and had lots of singing and story telling and also had a bunch of pie and coffee.
It was snowing part of the day and windy. 20 above zero. We went down to Joe’s and a big dinner of bird stew and dumplings.
Mr. Waltz Ed Henry Joe Avila went up the river to see some friends. the day was windy and snowed at 22 above zero.
Chris, Jim, Joe and I helped pack an old portugues that is sick into another cabin we had to pack him about quarter of a mile and the day was very windy and snowing a little. Mr. Curtis was here today. Mr. Williams showed us a nugget weighing 13 cents that he found on the Shangnack river. An Indian and his wife was here with a dog team on his way to Cosmos creek.
Today was very windy and snowing. thermometer 15 above zero.
Mike Waltz and Ed Henry started up Pick today. Thermometer 18 above.
Sinclair J. Ray and T. Smith came down from Stoney camp to stay with us a few days. Everybody is leaving the Shangnack. Weather fine.
February 5th Sunday
Today was another fine day. A party came up from the Ambler river reported seeing tracks of five carriboo on the river below Shangnack.
The wind is blowing again and the weather is cold. Mr. Stanley the mail carrier is here on his way down to St. Michaels he has got the number of cabins and people on the river above here. Our cabin is No. 157. Eds 161 and 465 people.
The weather is still cold and the wind blowing hard. al is getting worse. Mr. Brown and wife came back from up the river and said a few are getting ready to go over the passes to the Allaskook and Nostack rivers.
A party is to start today for Dawson city by way of Zane pass and are around collecting mail at 50 cents a letter. There are 10 cases of black leg in Reilly camp. The weather still cold and windy.
Today was a fine day. A little cold but no wind. Two of the Northern Light boys, B. Soyd from Stoney and Mr. Bremener from Par river came down today.
The weather colder. Chopping a little wood and skating on the lake.
Chris Mr. Brown and Frenchy started deer hunting but only got a mile from camp and had to turn back as there was too much snow. Thermometer 45 below.
February 12th Sunday
The weather cold 40 below. Went out to chop a little wood and broke our last axe handle.
February 13th, 14th
The thermometer still down to 40 below. Jim Trickle had a hell of a time making bread. Has to tie a string around the pan and hang it over the stove to get it to rise.
W. Sinclair J. Ray and T. Smith started back for Stoney camp today. O. H. Hamilton who started down to the Reilly some time ago returned today. No sledding on the river now on account of snow and overflows. 40 below zero.
The weather still very cold 40 below zero.
About 50 of us turned out and cut wood for Mr. Harris and two boys that are all down with black leg. The Whiteside party moved back to Reilly camp from Cosmos. Thermometer 42 below.
Ed Henry P. K. Jones and Jim Hopley came down from Pick river. I chopped wood for Al. Thermometer 52 below zero.
February 19th Sunday
Today the thermometer was 58 below zero. We had a gathering at Joe’s cabin tonight.
News of one death up the river. Thermometer 50 below.
Weather cold, heavy wind blowing at 32 below.
Geo. Forderer took the pitchers of our and Chris cabins. Thermometer 26 below.
A big crowd of us went out on the lake and had a picture taken. 40 below.
Weather cold 45 below zero.
P. K. Jones, Geo Forderer and Geo Breed started up Pick river this morning. Four deaths reported up the river. Thermometer 45 below.
February 26th, 27th Sunday
Weather cold 48 below.
Chopping and sawing wood. Thermometer 51 below.
Thermometer 37 below zero. Chopping wood.
Al getting worse and Chris and I got some mud to put on his legs. 53 below.
Taking care of Al all day and cutting him some wood. Thermometer 55 below zero.
The weather warmer 34 below. Geo. Forderer came down from Pick river today. Sam Miller and Rev. Cone getting up a crowd to cut wood for Al on Monday.
March 5th Sunday
Jim Trickle and Sam Miller went hunting but got nothing. Thermometer 34 below wind blowing.
There was about 50 of us cutting wood for Al and Mr. Johnson. 34 below zero.
Mr. Joey came over from the Shangnack they put a shaft to bed-rock but found nothing. Ed Henry went up to Stoney camp today. Thermometer 35 below zero.
Jim Sam Miller Dave Clough and I chopped down some trees to whipsaw into lumber for a boat. Thermometer 35 below zero.
We built our saw put today and got our logs ready to saw 35 below zero.
Whipsawing boat lumber. Thermometer 35 below zero.
Chris went up Pick river with Jim Hopley this morning. Snowing a little. Whipsawing. Thermometer 20 below zero.
March 12th Sunday
We finished whipsawing two logs that made 14 boards and hauled half of it to camp. The wind blowing hard and clouding up. Thermometer 15 below.
This morning there is a blizzard on the worse we have had this season. 10 below.
The blizzard still on 2 above zero this morning and snowing heavy.
The blizzard still with us and more snow fell today than any one day this season. The thermometer 15 above zero.
Snowing almost all day but the wind not blowing so hard. 15 above zero.
The weather cloudy but not much snow fell. 15 above.
The day clear and fine the thermometer 10 above this morning but it got warm enough through the day to commence thawing the first time it has been above freezing point since the 16th of October We started in whipsawing some more lumber. Five sleds passed Reilly camp bound for the Kuyukuk R.
March 19th Sunday
Whipsawing. The weather clear but a heavy wind blowing. Three more cases of Black-leg in camp.
We finished whipsawing today and hauled all the lumber into camp. Chris got back from Pick river and reports several cases of Black-leg up there - 5 above zero this morning and a heavy wind blowing and cloudy.
A heavy wind blowing and snowing a little. Ed, Henry got back from Stoney camp. Thermometer 5 above zero.
The day was clear but a heavy wind blowing. A few more cases of Black-leg in camp.
Today was a fine day. Dr. Wesley in camp visiting the sick he reports Mr. Meyers not expected to live. Thermometer 8 above zero.
S. Harris died this morning at 1:20 o’clock aged 79 years. Jim and Chris helped dig his grave will be buried tomorrow at 2 o’clock. The weather fine and warm.
S. Harris was buried this afternoon. We hauled him to his grave on a sled. The pallbearers were Jim, Chris, Joe, Sam Miller, Mr. Joey and myself. Rev. Cone and Missionary Evans spoke the funeral services. There were 86 present. The weather cloudy and snowing a little. A Mr. Harding and wife and two other men arrived here tonight from Ambler City bound for the Yukon.
The weather cloudy and snowing a little. Chris, Jim and I went down to Bray’s cabin and spent the evening playing cards. Mr. Harding wife and party started on up the river this afternoon.
The weather clear but colder at 17 below. Al not any better. Went down to Whitesides cabin this afternoon and played cards.
We went and helped Chris and Ed haul some logs that they are going to whipsaw and we hauled a load of slabs to camp. Chopped wood this afternoon. It was 30 below this morning and tonight a heavy wind blowing.
Today there is a blizzard on and the weather cold. Rev. Cone went up to the Hansen camp about 5 miles up the river to get Dr. Wesley down for Al. Mr. Meyers getting a little better.
Today was warm but cloudy. Dr. Wesley came down to see Al and says he is in a critical condition.
Today was a warm day the snow thawing very fast. J. B. Jones came down from the Iowa camp to look for an empty cabin. He intends to move down. Al is about the same.
April 2nd Sunday
Today was another warm day the snow leaving fast. Al - a little better.
J. B. Jones got back with his first load. Jim helped him haul it down. The river overflowing.
The weather clear but a little colder. A crowd went over and cut wood for the Harris boys. Jones got back with two sled loads and had dinner with us.
Today was clear and warm. Dr. Wesley down again. Jim Trickle went up the river and got a pair of skates. Jim went up with Jones to help him bring down a load. It was 2 below this morning.
Today was cold and windy. Jim Trickle, and Joe skated down the river to Mulkeys and back. Al getting a little better, Jim got back tonight.
Today there is a blizzard on. Snowing quite hard this morning. All the sick are improving.
The weather cloudy and warm t 40 above zero. thawing. The snow quite fast. Sam Miller started over to Cosmos creek for a hunt.
April 9th Sunday
Cloudy but warm. Snowing a little tonight. Rev. Cone and Tom Phendle came down from the Pick river today. The snow and ice thawing very fast. Al is improving.
Cloudy but warm. A native came into camp today with three deer but had traded all the meat before we know he was around. Mr. Curtis and McCormick came down from Pick river today and reports a good many cases of scurvy up there.
Today was cloudy and a little colder. We hauled some wood into camp this afternoon. Chris, Dave Clough, Billie McKillop and Dr. Wesley went over to Cosmos on a hunting trip.
It was snowing all forenoon but the sun shone in the afternoon. A party came down from Pick. R. and are going to live here.
A heavy wind blowing this morning and snowing cleared up about 4 o’clock this afternoon. Al got up today for about 2 hours the first time in 5 weeks.
The weather clear but cold at 10 below zero. Chopped some wood today.
Today was clear but cold. We chopped wood for Al. An auction was held here selling the effects of C. Sinard who died this winter.
April 16th Sunday
The weather still cold. Ed Henry went hunting and got 3 birds. A native came into camp that has been hunting with some men from the Watson camp. They got 3 deer.
The mail carrier arrived here late last night from St. Michaels. Jim got 3 letters, Chris 4 Ed 2 and Joe 3. The mail carriers report a strike made on Fish R. where they are getting from 6 to 8 dollars to the pan. Dawson city was half burnt and is almost deserted. The weather cold at 12 below.
Today it is snowing and the weather cold. A good many started and are getting ready to start for the excitement on Fish R. W. A. Haynes and Tom Grimes from Pick river are at Reilly camp.
The weather still cold. Dave Clough J. B. Jones, Shaver and Rico from Reilly camp started for the gold fields at Cape Nome. Joe Avila and Atzroth went up Rick river today.
Ed Henry and Billy McKillop and Sims Ubanks, Bradbery and Vanderwerker started this morning for the new strike at C. Nome. Jim and I went over to Cosmos to get our provisions we had there. We hauled a sled load across about 3 miles and went back to stay over night.
The night being cold we got froze out of our bunks at two o’clock this morning. We got started for Reilly camp about 6 o’clock with about 400 pounds. Jim Trickle met us and arrived at Reilly camp at 1 o’clock this afternoon. This forenoon was warm but a heavy wind this afternoon.
Today there was a heavy wind blowing and the snow thawing fast. Jim and I went back about two miles and sledded in part of our load that we left the day before.
April 23rd Sunday
Cloudy a little snow fell and windy. Joe Avila got back from Pick river. Shaver fell through the ice on his way down to the sound and they had to lay over one day.
Today was very warm and snowed most all day. Jim was helping Sam and Chris whipsaw some more lumber. Dr. Wesley was down to see some of the sick. Evans from Stoney camp and Chris the sailor from Par R. are at Reilly camp.
Today was the warmest day we have had snow melting fast. Evans and Chris the sailor went up Pick river.
Another warm day. We are getting things ready to build our boat. Rev. Cone returned from a trip up the river but brings no news. Jim and I discarded our heavy breeches for overalls today.
Today was cloudy and snowing. A band of natives came into camp today bound for the Selewick river.
Today was cloudy and cold. The thermometer at zero. W. A. Haynes and Tom Grimes came down from Stoney camp.
A heavy wind blowing and snowing all day and cold.
April 30th Sunday
The day warm but cloudy.
Today was a clear day and warm. We worked on our boat umber today. J. Grimes w. A. Haynes and Joe Avila went up Pick river. al was up and out doors for the first time for 3 months.
Today was cold and windy with snow tonight. We worked on our boat lumber sawing out ribs and edging lumber.
The day clear but cold and windy. We started across the river this morning to do some more whip-sawing but there was too much water. Jim and Sam fell in and got wet so we are whip sawing just above Reilly camp.
Today was clear but cold. Finished whipsawing and hauled the boards into camp.
We put in the day working on our boat. Mike Walts and Gernell came down from Pick river and brought news of Robert Becker a northern light passenger committing suicide first setting fire to the cabin then hanged and shot himself.
Worked on our boat. The day was nice and warm. A petition going around asking for a meeting to be held on Monday to appoint a committee to investigate the death of Robert Becker of Pick river.
May 7th Sunday
Today was another clear day. Went down and had dinner with Whitesides we had a ptarmigan stew. Went up the river to Davis cabin to get some nails and coal-oil.
Worked on our boat. The weather was clear but cold. The thermometer below freezing point all day. Had a meeting at 2 o’clock and a committee appointed to investigate the death of Robt. Becker of Pick river.
The day clear but cold. We worked on our boat.
The weather was a little warmer. The first wild geese make their appearance today. The committee returned from Pick river tonight. Working on our boat.
We started putting our boat together size of the boat 6 ft. 2 in. on the bottom and 22 ft. long. A meeting was called at two o’clock to hear the report of the committee that went up the Pick river they reported that Robert Becker committed suicide while temporarily insane. After the meeting we helped Seach haul his boat to the river we had to haul it about ½ mile. There were 38 of us.
We worked on our boat this forenoon and Sam and I went hunting this afternoon. It rained and snowed all day.
It was raining and blowing hard all day so nothing was done.
May 14th Sunday
Today was cloudy and some rain. Went hunting this afternoon but got nothing. Sam Miller got the first goose for Reilly camp.
The day was cloudy with some rain. We put in he day working on our boat. The first wild ducks put in appearance today.
The weather still cloudy and raining a little. The ice melting fast. We finished putting the bottom on our boat today.
It rained hard almost all day. Joe and I went hunting and got 2 geese and 3 ducks. Jim Sam and Christ went hunting this evening and got 2 geese.
Today was warm and clearing up. The ice in the river breaking up and the water rising. Sam and I went hunting and got 2 geese and 1 duck. We had a big dinner at Whitesides cabin consisting of 3 geese baked and stuffed mince pie and a lot of other things. There were nine of us at the table and we finished up every goose. After dinner we had music and singing.
Today was very warm the thermometer was 90 in the sun and the mosquitos are getting thick. We whipsawed lumber today. Joe and Sam went hunting tonight.
Today was another warm day. We finished up whipsawing and hauled the lumber into camp.
May 21st Sunday
The weather very warm. Went hunting but got nothing.
Working on our boat. Weather warm. The river rising and lots of ice going down.
Warm but cloudy. At work on the boat.
The weather warm and clear. We finished the boat ready for calking.
The weather still clear and warm. the river falling and no ice coming down. Sam got a goose this morning with the rifle.
The day clear and warm. several boats passed today bound for the sound.
The weather warm and colder. We launched all the boats today. The steamer Nugget passed today and several more boats. The natives are moving toward the sound. News came down from Pick river of the death of Mr. Breed a Northern Light passenger.
May 28th Sunday
We finished up our boats and sails today and are packing up to leave for the sound. Raining almost all day.
The weather cloudy and a little rain. At work packing up. A lot of boats down from Pick river and up the Kubuck.
We finished packing got all our boats loaded ready to start down the river in the morning. Lots of boats coming in and Reilly camp is booming. The weather clear and fine.
We got started this morning at 7:30 from Reilly camp bound for the sound. A heavy wind blowing and some rain. Jim Hopley and C. Mund tipped their boat over and lost some of their goods and had a narrow escape drowning. Sam and I went hunting tonight and got 2 ducks and 1 goose. We camped just below Miller’s pass.
We got started this morning at 6:30 passed Ambler city about noon. cloudy weather and some rain. Sam and I went hunting tonight and got 8 ducks and 1 goose.
We got started this morning at 6:15 and made the Hansen camp at noon. We stopped there the afternoon and caught a lot of fish. The weather cloudy and raining.
Started again this morning at 6:15 and had to lay off this afternoon on account of headwinds camping about 3 miles above Salmon river. The weather clear and windy. Sam and I went hunting and got 6 ducks.
June 4th Sunday
the wind died down at noon and we started again and are camping tonight 3 miles above coalvein. We got stuck on a sand bar and had a hard job getting afloat. We all got wet. Sam and W went hunting tonight and got 2 ducks and 1 goose.
We started this morning at 5:30 and had to stop at 8 o’clock on account of head winds. Went hunting and got 3 ducks and 1 goose. Started again at 5:15 p.m. and reached Squirrel river at 11 p.m. and made camp.
We started this morning at 9:30 and made about 10 miles further down the river, heavy headwinds and raining. Went hunting tonight and got 2 grouse 2 ducks and 2 Curlew.
We stayed over today on account of heavy headwinds. Went hunting and got 2 ducks and 3 geese. The weather cloudy.
We started again at 6:30 this morning and are camping tonight about 35 miles from the mouth of the river. The weather cold and cloudy and a headwind blowing all day.
We started this morning at 7:15 and rowed until noon and made camp for the day. the wind blowing too hard to make any headway. The weather cloudy.
We started again this morning at 7:15 and are camping tonight about 5 miles from the mouth. all the steamers and boats are tied up here waiting for the ice to break up in the Inlet.
June 11th Sunday
We took the whale boat and went down to the Inlet and found it full of ice yet.
Sam and I went hunting today and got 6 ducks. The wind still blowing hard from the west the weather clear and cold.
Went hunting today and got 4 ducks. a few more boats came in today. The wind still blowing.
Jim Sam Joe and I went over to the steamer, John Reilly that is on another channel. The Inlet is still full of ice.
We stayed in camp all day. The wind blowing hard from the west and the weather cloudy.
Sam and I went hunting today and killed 6 ducks. a native came over from the Selwik river and reported the natives killing two white men and taking their outfits. Raining.
We went down to the Inlet today and still found it full of ice. Sam went hunting and got a crane and 1 duck.
June 18th Sunday
The weather very cold snowing all day.
About 2 in. of snow on the ground this morning and snowing all day.
The day clear but a heavy west wind blowing. Very cold. went down to the Inlet and found it full of ice yet. A report came in that 5 boats got across from the south mouth.
Raining hard all day. The weather warmer.
Went down to the Inlet this morning and found a channel open through the ice went back and packed up and started out and made it all safe across the Inlet arriving there at 10 o’clock p.m. The weather cloudy and a little rain.
Got started this morning at 6:30 a.m. and made the Mission at 5 p.m. all safe. The weather cloudy and rained a little tonight.
We put in the day sorting freight. The day cold and raining.
June 25th Sunday
A heavy wind blowing and raining hard tonight. The weather cold. Reports came into camp of a square rigged ship in sight trying to get into the sound.
Nothing new in camp today. The weather cloudy and a heavy cold wind blowing and brining lots of ice into the sound again.
We went over to the Noatack side and got a load of wood. The steamers John Reilly , Iowa Martin Farrington, Nugget, Agnes Boyd, Helen and Delight came in today. La Fond Bros. that started for Cape Nome Friday returned tonight. They say the sound is yet full of ice.
A heavy wind blowing and raining and snowing all day. The Reilly went up to Noatack for wood.
The day cloudy and a cold wind blowing. The Inlet around camp is all blocked with ice and piled on the shore.
The day was quite warm.
The weather cloudy and a cold wind blowing.
July 2nd Sunday
Today was cold and a heavy wind blowing. Raining this forenoon.
Today was warmer. preparation made for the 4th of July celebration. The schooners Penelope and General McPhearson anchored in the sound from Encholts bay.
The day opened with firing guns and anvils. About 1 o’clock a body of a man was found drifting by nothing was found on him to identify him only the name Howard was schroled on a knife. He was buried at the Mission. At 2 o’clock the programe was commenced by music, reading the declaration of independence oratories by Rev. Cone and Major Ingraham and several songs sung. A sailing race took place in which one boat tipped over and sunk but nobody lost. They had climbing the greasy pole for the natives with a chunk of bacon for bait. In the evening they had target shooting with rifles and pistols. A man died in camp about 4 o’clock this afternoon.
The day was nice and warm and lots of mosquitos. Lots of ice in the sound yet. One funeral today.
This forenoon was cold but warmer this afternoon. A heavy wind blowing. Services was held over the remains of Mr. Wonderdunk ex-Governor of Idaho. Another man died this afternoon of scurvy.
The day was warm and the mosquitos quite troublesome. One funeral today.
We started at 8 o’clock this morning over to the Noatac river for wood reached camp again at 5 p.m. The steam schooner Elk came down from winter quarters at Selewik lake today out of nine that wintered on her 5 have died of scurvy. another dead body found on the Inlet. There are now 9 schooners in the Inlet waiting for the ice to break up and sail for Cape Nome. The day warm.
July 9th Sunday
The day was fine. No news has came in yet.
It rained all day and the wind blew hard. Still waiting for a ship to come.
The day was cold a heavy wind blowing and raining. Lots of Salmon being caught.
The day was cold and windy. A report came in that a boat bound for Cape Nome sunk and 3 men drowned.
The weather was cold and windy. No news from the outside world yet.
Today was another bad day, raining and a cold wind blowing.
Still it rains and the weather cold. No news.
July 16th Sunday
The boat Oregon that left here for Cape Nome about two weeks ago returned today glad to be back alive. There were for five days without landing among the ice and were driven ashore in a storm they lost some goods and took them two days to patch up their boat. they report seeing 6 more boats in the ice and it is feared here that several are lost. Rev. Cone held services at the Falkenburg warehouse. Cold and raining.
A hard wind blowing and raining all day. Nothing new.
The weather still stormy and raining steady.
There was no rain today but the weather was cold. The John Reilly is loading up tonight to take a party up the Kubuck.
The John Reilly started out for the headwaters of the Kubuck this morning at 6 a.m. with about 20 of Tallants grub-staked men. They keep it a secret but it leaked out today that they have a sure thing on the headwaters of the Noatack. Chris and I are going with Mr. Piffer’s launch. We started tonight at 11 o’clock p.m.
We reached the mouth of the river at 6 o’clock this morning. We are going to run night and day.
We reached the coalvein at 12 o’clock tonight. Raining.
July 23rd Sunday
We are at the Hansen tonight at 12 p.m. The John Reilly passed us on her way down.
We are at Anibbar city tonight. The weather cloudy and a little rain.
We arrived at Reilly camp tonight at 11 o’clock.
We got started again at 1 o’clock a.m. and are about 10 miles above Stoney camp tonight.
We reached the Monneluk R. this morning at 5 o’clock and made camp for the day. We will have to leave launch and two from here. We got started tonight at 9 o’clock up the Monneluk and made camp on the morning of July 28th at 6 o’clock on the morning of the 29th of July. the weather hot and lots of mosquitos. Seen one bear this morning. We started again this night at 7 o’clock and made camp on this morning of July 30th at 6:30. Started again tonight at 7 o’clock and got as far as we could get with the boat this morning at 5:30.
Raining. We started tonight at 9 o’clock with packs we went about 5 miles and had to make camp on account of heavy rains.
We started this morning at 9 o’clock and made camp tonight at 8 o’clock. The day was very warm.
Started this morning at 7 o’clock and made camp tonight at 6, heavy showers of rain and thunder and lighting. We crossed the divide this afternoon at 3:15 o’clock.
We started this morning at 5 o’clock and reached the Noatak river at 11:30 a.m. and reached the creek where the gold was discovered at 5:30 p.m. Some of the boys went up the creek to stake claims tonight. We are the first to get in here of those that left the Mission on the John Reilly . We made it in 14 days. It has been raining steady for 24 hours and the streams are high and hard to cross.
We staked a few more claims today and prospected some but found nothing. The place here does not look very promising. the weather cloudy and some rain.
Went up to Nugget creek this morning and started 6 more claims. The Tallant party arrived tonight 2 days behind us. Raining all day and night.
August 6th Sunday
We packed up this morning and got started back at 7:30 and are camping tonight about 5 miles from the divide. The weather warm and showers.
Started this morning at 7 o’clock and crossed the divide at 9 .am.
We got started this morning at 7:30 and reached our boat at 11:30 a.m. glad to get back and get a square meal again. The night cold enough to freeze ½ in. of ice.
We layed over today as it rained hard all day. The river very high.
We packed up loaded our boat and were started at 11:45 a.m. and made camp tonight at 7 o’clock. Still raining.
We started this morning at 9 o’clock and reached the launch at 6 o’clock p.m. We had supper steamed up the launch and went down as far a Kallamute making camp at 10:30 p.m.
We got started this morning at 9 o’clock and made camp tonight at 9:30 about 1 mile above Millers pass. Seen the Tallant party at the mouth of the Kogoluktuk river. Raining.
August 13th Sunday
We started this morning at 7 o’clock and made camp tonight at the Hansen camp. Met the steamer Agnes Boyd going up the river with about 20 men bound for the new diggings. Heard from them that Cape Nome is booming. Raining.
We started today at noon and made camp at 5 o’clock tonight. Met the steamer Marion going up but have concluded to turn back. Raining all day.
Got started again this morning at 9 o’clock and are camping tonight 2 miles below coalvein. Raining.
Started this morning at 7:30 and made camp tonight about 10 miles below Squirrel river. We got fresh potatoes and onions from the boys of the Marion. Still raining.
Started this morning at 8:30 and made camp tonight 10 miles from the mouth of the river at 11 o’clock. The weather cloudy. Met the steamer Bertha Shed, going up the river.
We started this morning at 8 o’clock and reached the Mission tonight at 5:30. Got 5 letters from home first news from home since I left.
Put in the day getting our things straightened out. The weather cold and windy. We all wrote letters home and Mr. Ray will take them out on the Bear.
August 20th Sunday
We put in the day fixing up boats to go down the Coast. The weather still cold and heavy wind blowing.
We pulled up the launch this morning for repairs. Two schooners came in today one bound North and the other for Cape Nome.
Several passengers sent their freight aboard Capt. Nelson’s schooner for Cape Nome. Chris and I gave the launch a coat of paint. The weather fair.
Today nothing was done as a heavy wind blowing and raining all day.
The weather stormy until 4 o’clock this afternoon when it cleared up so we went down and gave the launch another coat of paint.
Today being a wet and stormy day nothing was done.
We worked on the launch this forenoon heavy rains this afternoon. A party from the Agnes Boyd and two of the Tallant party arrived here this morning.
August 27th Sunday
The cutter Bear came in today and will take all passengers to St. Michaels. Raining all day. The launch Marion started for the mouth of the river to get the rest of the Tallant party but broke down and had to come back so five natives started tonight in a boat.
The steam launch from camp tonight at 7:30. The day was fine but a storm came up tonight at 7:30. The day was fine but a storm came up tonight most of the boats broke loose and went ashore and filled with water. had to unload them and lot of goods damaged.
The storm still on raining and a heavy wind blowing. Put in the day drying our goods. One of our dogs died this morning.
The wind blowing this morning but calmed down this afternoon so we loaded our boats and made ready for an early start in the morning.
We got up this morning at 3:30 and were started at 5:30 and made camp tonight on Chamese Sd. at 4 o’clock. Wind blowing all day had some pretty rough weather. Some rain.
We left Chamese Sd. this morning at 9:30 and arrived at the mouth of the Keewlik at 12:20 and put in the rest of the afternoon trying to find the channel. The day clear but a heavy wind blowing.
September 10th Sunday
We waited for the tide to come in today and went up the river about 1 mile and made camp. Our native killed 25 ducks this morning. Raining tonight.
Had to wait again today for the tide and got our loads up the river about 2 miles further. Our native got 4 ducks and 1 goose tonight.
We got an early start this morning and made about 6 miles up the river. The river shallow and swift. Raining tonight. Fell overboard and got good and wet.
It rained all day today so we did not break camp. all the boats here and are going to cache some goods.
When we got up this morning the ground was covered with snow. We started up the river with most of our tow making about 6 miles. The river swift and hard towing.
It snowed all night last night and the weather is awful cold. Towed up the river about 8 miles further and had lots of trouble the current is so swift that the tow line broke several times and we all got wet.
The weather very cold, the ground froze hard and lots of ice in the river. We reached the first timber tonight. Snowing a little this afternoon.
September 17th Sunday
We layed over today as it snowed all day and a heavy wind blowing.
We started this morning to tow further up the river we made about 5 miles the water too swift and shallow to go any further so we intend to build our cabin here. About 4 in. of snow on the ground.
Chris W. Sangdon and a native guide started this morning with packs for the Kayuk R. on a prospect trip. Jesse and I stayed in camp and unloaded our boats.
We put in the day sharping up our axes and fixing up around camp getting ready to go to work on our cabin. The day quite warm.
The day was put in clearing off ground and cutting down trees for our cabin. Becker Snyder and Patterson arrived here at noon and had dinner with us. They intend to winter here. The weather quite warm.
Put in the day building cabin. The day cloudy but quite warm. A lot of natives passed here today on their way up the river. One native killed two deer about 5 miles down the river.
Working on the cabin. Weather cloudy.
September 24th Sunday
Chris and W. Sangdon got back from the Kayuk R. but did not find very good prospects only small colors. They report lots of Salmon and Bear there. The weather cloudy and snowing a little tonight.
The weather still cloudy. We finished laying the logs of our cabin today. The natives that were with us started down the river for Chamese Sd. to fish and hunt seals.
We went down to Brazils camp and hauled up some fish and butter we had there. Our native started over to the Kayuk this morning on a bear hunt. It snowed about one inch last night and the weather is cold today.
Today was cold and a heavy wind blowing. Two boat loads of natives came in and camped here tonight. One native killed 3 deer and we got some of the meat.
The wind still blowing hard and snowing this afternoon. Still working on the cabin.
There was 3 in. of snow on the ground this morning. Our native got back today but did not kill anything. Put in the day getting moss and sods for to cover the cabin.
Today was warmer the snow thawing fast. Working still on the cabin.
October 1st Sunday
We put in the day on our cabin putting in bunks and floor. The day was clear but cold.
The day was clear but cold. Becker and Patterson came up from the mouth of the river and reports the river all froze up below here.
We finished up the cabin today and all ready to move in. Killed 5 grouse in camp tonight.
We moved into our cabin today. The weather very cold. The river froze up. Our natives went to the Kayuk river with Snyder and Patterson to fish and hunt.
The weather still cold. The ice strong enough for sleding. Frank Brazil was up and stayed all night with us. Straightening up things in the cabin.
The weather cloudy and snowing a little. Weather warmer. We went up the river and helped W. Sangdon build a cabin.
We put in another window fixed up the heater and put up some shelfs in the cabin. The weather warm snowing some today.
October 8th Sunday
We layed off today and called on the boys. The weather warm the ice thawing out.
We put in the day getting a supply of wood. The weather cloudy and warm.
We put in the day chopping wood. The day warm.
Put in the day cutting wood. The weather warm. The ice all gone on the river.
Chris and I went hunting but did not kill anything. A heavy wind blowing and raining. A native killed 4 deer in the foothills.
There was quite a lot of snow on the ground this morning and has been raining and snowing all day. Cutting wood.
Chris and Jesse went to the mountains to do some prospecting but found no prospects. Raining and snowing all day.
October 15th Sunday
The day was quite warm. Nothing was done but reading and paying cards.
The forenoon was put in cutting wood and went hunting this afternoon. The weather colder.
We put in the day building a house for the natives. Axle Schidsby was down to see us today. The weather cold. The river freezing up.
Jesse and I went hunting today. The weather cold.
The wind was blowing hard and snowing. D. Morieaty was up to see us today. The river froze up solid.
It is snowing today the weather warmer. Our native came home today from the Kayuk where he has been hunting but did not get anything.
We chopped wood today. Our native went hunting and got 9 ptarmigan.
October 22nd Sunday
The day was clear but cold. Barkley and Brazil was up to see us today and had dinner with us.
We cut wood today. The Hayne party came up from the mouth of the river and Capt. Sudlow stayed all night with us. The weather cold and snowing.
We went down the river about 5 miles and helped the Hayne party up with their sleds they are going to build a cabin just below us. The weather warmer. Sudlow and Jackworth was up last night to play whist.
We went up the river to the boys camp and Billy Sangdon came down with us an stayed tonight. Sudlow and Jackworth was over to play whist.
The weather is quite cold. Our native killed 19 ptarmigan today he has killed 60 this week.
I went out hunting today with the native and we got 8 ptarmigan. The day very windy and cold.
The day cold and snowing. Sudlow and Jackworth was over tonight to play cards.
October 29th Sunday
The day windy and cold still snowing. Went up the river to see the boys.
Still snowing about 2 feet of snow on the ground. I made my first batch of bread today and it was fine.
The day cloudy and cold. Our native went hunting and got 5 ptarmigan. Capt. Sudlow and Jackworth was up tonight to play cards.
This was the coldest day this season. Bob Barkley was up today.
The day was cloudy and snowing. Brazil and Barkley was up today and Sudlow and Jackworth came up tonight to spend the evening playing cards.
The Hayne’s party started down to the mouth of the river this morning to sled up their outfit. Weather cold.
November 4th, 5th Sunday
The weather cloudy and cold. No news.
Jesse and I went down the river to Brazil and Morriety camp and spent the day.
November 7th, 8th
The weather cloudy and warmer. Bob Barkley was up to see us today.
The weather cloudy and warm. We went down to Bob Barkley’s cabin this afternoon.
Bob Barkley and Brazil were over today and we went up the river to see the rest of the boys. The day clear and cold. The natives that were with us coming up the river came up from the sound today and brought us some seal meat.
The day clear and cold. Went hunting but got nothing.
November 12th Sunday
The day clear and cold. Our native and another native started down to Chamaice Sd. to get a dog team to go to Cape Nome.
The weather clear but a heavy wind blowing.
The weather fine. Went down the river to see the boys.
The day clear and fine. Went hunting and killed 6 Ptarmigan.
The day was cold and a heavy wind blowing. Cloudy tonight.
We all went down to Bob Barcley’s cabin to dinner. Day cold and a heavy wind blowing.
Went hunting and got 3 Ptarmigan. The day cloudy and warm.
November 19th Sunday
We went down the river and spent the day at Jack Little’s. Our native got back but could not get a dog team. The Hayne’s party got up today with their goods they had 5 sleds and 20 dogs will have everything here in about 3 days.
Description, 10, 11, 12, 44, 50, 53
Alaska (Ship). See Ships
Arctic Circle, 8
Arctic Ocean, 9
Avila, Joe, 6, 19, 23, 28, 29, 31, 32, 40, 41, 42
Bering Sea, 6
Bering Straits, 8
Mosquitos, 11, 12, 44, 50, 53
Cape Blossom, 10
Charles Hansen. See Ships
Cogan, Cap't. (Merrimed) [Merrinard?], 7
Diomede Islands, 8
Dogs, 8, 56, 65
Driggs, J. R., 9
Dutch Harbor, 6
Fourth of July Celebrations, 8, 9
Fur Seals, 6, 7
Gold, 10, 13, 16, 17, 20, 21, 59
Grays Harbor, 7
Guardian. See Ships
Hayne, W. A., 9, 10, 11, 12, 40, 42, 62, 63, 65
Seasickness, 1, 2
Hunting, 1, 7, 8, 11, 18, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 33, 35, 39, 40, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65
Jim, 2, 6, 7, 9
John Reilly. See Ships
Kings Sound, 7
Kotzebue, 7, 8, 9, 14
Kubuck River, 10, 11, 12, 17, 45, 52
Leslie D. See Ships
Mail, 6, 8
Masinka Boats, 9
Merrimed. [Merrinard?] See Ships
Mission (Friends), 10, 37, 48, 50, 53, 55
Trading Goods, 7
Of the Spanish-American War, 7
Northern Light. See Ships
Penelope. See Ships
Pogeumnor Volcano, 6
Robertson, Dr., 9, 13
Northern Light, 11, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 29, 33, 45
Crew, 62, 63
Passengers, 19, 23, 28, 29, 31, 32, 40, 41, 42
Scoty, 3, 6
Sea Witch. See Ships
Ship Captains, 1, 7, 9, 62, 63
Church, 3, 4
Entertainment, 3, 6, 8, 9
Food, 3, 4, 6, 7
Hygiene, 3, 6
Liquor, 1, 3, 9
Rules and Government, 5, 6
Seasickness, 1, 2
Ship Sightings, 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9
Alaska, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14
Charles Hansen (schooner), 9, 14
Guardian, 9, 10
John Reilly (river steamer), 10
John Reilly (river steamer), 8, 10, 13, 14, 17, 18, 47, 49, 52, 53
Leslie D., 6
Merrimed (bark), [Merrinard?] 7
Northern Light (schooner), 1, 9, 11, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 29, 33, 45
Penelope (schooner), 9, 50
Sea Witch (tug), 1
Store Boats, 9
William Baylies (steam whaler), 8
St. Lawrence Sound, 7, 8, 11
Struve, Chris, 6, 7
Sudlow, Cap’t. (Northern Light), 1
Sudlow, Capt. (Northern Light), 7, 9, 62, 63
Sudlow, Captain, 62, 63
Tilton, Mate (Northern Light), 1, 5, 9
Unimak Pass, 9
William Baylies. See Ships
Winimak Pass, 6